Problem solving, I think this is one of the most essential skills that one must have in order to survive the ebbs and flows of life, even if they are trivial. Lack of problem solving skills is a big nuisance for everyone. They will be in a “dead-end” once they encounter any hardships, regardless of its intensity. This is as if you do not possess the immunity system and you are susceptible to any disease that normal people cannot be affected such as a mere cold.
In my opinion, it depends on the conditions the situation I am facing offers, these conditions could be, for instance, time limit and intensity. I think these two prevalent conditions affect my actions. If there is time to solve a problem and it is not very difficult, I can be collected and calmly think of a solution; if there is a little time and the problem is very difficult, then my instinct will take over and wing the problem without any proper thoughts at all. So, personally, there are some times that I am as vulnerable to every disease as if I am an AIDS victim.
Sometimes, when I make my artwork, no matter if it is traditional or digital, I will encounter problems such as choosing the wrong color or partially stumped when I don’t know how to draw a human body part as I do not excel in drawing human anatomy. But since there is no due date or any time limit, I can composedly find a solution to these troubles, such as reciting the heuristical proportions of body parts or surfing the Net to get a reference image when I cannot recall them for the problem of not knowing how to draw a body part.
During the process of problem solving, there are many hindrances that prevents us from successfully doing so, such as mental sets and functional fixedness that obscures our flexibility and the four types of biases featured in the textbook that hinders our judgment and making decision.
Whenever I have to open the lid of something but it is too tight for me to just use my own strength, I give up, without knowing that a cloth of any sorts such as a handkerchief can be used to open lids much more effectively because it provides much more strength to grab those stubborn lids. Handkerchiefs are not only for cleaning your face after a wash. I do not “think outside of the box” are blocked by functional fixedness and mental set since I always use the same solution, which is brute force in this case, to open those lids.
Stereotypes are, in my opinion, the greatest example of representative bias, it is also a “tragedy of the commons”. Representative bias is a type of bias in which one makes a false assumption that people or events within a category possess the same characteristics. Take a look at a picture at the right side:
This is a very stereotypical representation of Chinese-American people. If you read at the speech bubble, you can see that the artist writes in a very heavy Chinese-accented English with reference to the agricultural culture of China. This could be an inference (or even a satire!) to how Americans think of Chinese-Americans and it is representative bias in action. This kind of bias could offend a race that you are talking about and can even be referred as “racists”. In our era, Asians (especially Chinese and Japanese) receive many stereotypes that not all Asians have. For example, all Asians are nerdy and extremely good at math. I am terrible at math and those people assume that I am extremely good at math just because I am Asian. Sadly, these stereotypes still lingers around this globalized world in our era.